Spleen Removal Surgery and After Care
The spleen is a small organ in our human body which protects our body from infections and filters our blood. It acts on behalf of our immune system. At times, due to some accident or injury, the spleen may get damaged. Certain infections too cause harm to the spleen causing it to rupture. In such a situation, removal of the enlarged or damaged spleen is the best option to prevent further complications. Splenectomy is immediately required in case of spleen rupture or spleen cancer to avoid excessive internal bleeding.
Splenectomy can be performed as an open surgery or laparoscopic surgery, depending upon the situation.
Laparoscopy: In laparoscopy, an instrument called a laparoscope is inserted inside the body through small incisions in the abdomen. The laparoscope has a tiny camera attached to it at the end which enables the doctor to see the inside of the body properly. Through these incisions, many medical instruments are inserted inside the body. The doctor cuts and disconnects the spleen from the nearby areas and safely removes it. The blood supply is also disconnected. The openings are then stitched.
However, if the complications arise or the bleeding increases then the surgeon may switch to open surgery which involves larger incisions. In open surgery, a large slit is made on the left side of the abdomen and the spleen is removed. Open surgery is a bigger surgery than laparoscopy.
Living without a spleen is possible but as it forms a major part of the immune system, aftercare is required after splenectomy. The body becomes prone to increased infections and other complications like inflammation of pancreases or hernia at the incision area etc., however, if one takes care of the body after surgery and follows the prescription of the surgeon diligently, one can avoid catching these infections.
- Preventive vaccinations should be given to the patient 2 weeks before and 2 weeks after the surgery. These vaccines help in fighting off the bacteria. All the prescribed antibiotics shouldn’t be missed till the surgeon asks you.
- A healthy diet and plenty of water can help a long way in fighting infections and making our immune system strong again.
- Regular exercise, once the incisions heal, is preferable to make the body strong from inside. To keep the organs fit and energetic, physical activities are suggested.
- The patient after the surgery should go for follow up check up till he is completely recovered. This will make sure that the patient is recovering well and is not prone to any kind of complication.
If one maintains a healthy lifestyle then the overall outlook of splenectomy is very good. PSRI has highly trained surgeons who carry out splenectomy efficiently and effectively. PSRI is recognized as one of the leading spleen removal centres in India and has been carrying out this surgery for more than a decade now.