Liver Cancer Risk Factors

Liver Cancer Risk Factors

A liver cancer risk factor is anything that increases the chance of developing liver cancer. Since there are no widely recommended routine screening test for liver cancer, people with a family history should talk to the doctor about actions that can be taken to monitor or reduce the risk. The main risk factors associated with liver cancer are cirrhosis of the liver and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Below is a list of risk factors associated with liver cancer:


1) Gender: Men have double the chances of developing liver cancer as compared to women.
2) Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain chemicals and eating contaminated food may increase the risk of liver cancer.
3) Obesity: This condition causes fat to be deposited in the liver, leading to NAFLD, which is a risk factor that can cause liver cancer.

1) Heavy use of alcohol: Excessive intake of alcohol leads to cirrhosis of liver, a condition in which liver cells are damaged. This condition increases a person’s chances of developing liver cancer.
2) Smoking: We all know that “Smoking causes cancer” and increased tobacco use can increase the risk of getting liver cancer.
3) Anabolic Steroids: These steroids are generally used by athletes to gain muscle mass and increase strength, but they might play a role in developing chances of getting liver cancer.
4) Chemicals: Chronic exposure to chemicals like arsenic and aflatoxins can lead to liver cancer. Arsenic can be found in drinking water from contaminated wells whereas aflatoxins are cancer causing substances made by a fungus that contaminates wheat, corn, soybeans, rice, and some types of nuts.

Other Conditions:

1) Diabetes: Strong evidence has emerged over the past decade, suggesting that diabetes is a risk factor that might lead to liver cancer.
2) Liver Cirrhosis: This condition develops when liver cells are damaged and replaced by scar tissue. As mentioned above, liver cirrhosis, in most cases, is a result of excessive intake of alcohol. Other causes of cirrhosis are NAFLD and excessive iron in the liver.
3) Viral Hepatitis: Hepatitis virus are those that infect the liver and the most common types are Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. This condition can lead to liver cirrhosis which can eventually lead to liver cancer.

If you are suffering from any liver related condition, then feel free to consult our expert doctors at PSRI Hospital ( ).

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