All you need to know about LVAD, Artificial Heart
Left Ventricular Assistive Device, i.e., LVAD, is a mechanical pump which is implanted inside a person’s chest to help a weakened heart pump blood. LVAD helps pump blood from the lower chambers of your heart to the rest of the body. If anyone has reached a stage of advanced heart failure, wherein the heart is incapable of pumping enough blood to meet the body’s needs, then the doctor may recommend LVAD implant surgery.
LVADs can be used in 3 different ways:
1. Bridge to transplant: This way is used when an LVAD is implanted in a patient waiting for a heart transplant. The LVAD will remain in place until the patient does not get a heart donor for the transplant.
2. Destination Therapy: LVAD maybe implanted as a permanent solution in patients where there is no scope of a heart transplant.
3. Bridge to Recovery: As the name suggests, LVAD is implanted for a specific duration of time in patients with temporary heart failure and until the situation improves.
There are thousands of people worldwide living actively with LVAD.
Functioning of the LVAD
LVAD is a pump that is surgically implanted just below the heart. One end of it is attached to the left ventricle, which is the chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart and into the body. The other end is attached to aorta which the body’s main artery. When blood flows from the heart to the pump, and the LVAD becomes full, the blood in the device is moved to the aorta.
Benefits of LVAD
LVAD restores the blood flow in a patient with a weak heart. A weak heart brings along with it a lot of adverse effects on your overall health, like shortness of breath, irregular blood pressure, constantly feeling tired, etc. An LVAD helps relieve such symptoms and helps one immensely in leading a regular life. An LVAD maintains and improves other organs, helps one with exercise, and also lets the patient go through cardiac rehabilitation.
What can you expect?
Before the LVAD is implanted, you may have to stay in the hospital for a few days to prepare and while in the hospital, you might have other treatments for your weak heart. After consulting with your doctor regarding the LVAD treatment, you might have to undergo several tests like ECG, Chest X-Ray, blood tests, etc.
After the LVAD has been successfully implanted, you will be given fluids, nutrition and medications through intravenous lines. As you start recovering, you can slowly resume your daily activities.
If you have any queries regarding the LVAD treatment or heart related problems, feel free to contact our team of expert cardiologists and surgeons headed by Dr. T. S. Kler at PSRI Hospitals( https://psrihospital.com/our-consultants-speciality/cardiology/1 ).