Advances in Aortic Valve Surgery
Our heart has four sets of valves, where each valve performs its own set of functions. The aortic valve of our heart pumps the oxygenated blood from the heart to the largest artery (aorta) which then pushes it to the rest of the body. This valve ensures that the blood is not pumped backwards into the heart. If the valves get defected, it can seriously hamper the functioning of the whole body.
These defects can even lead to leakage of the blood into the ventricles. There are various valve repair surgeries performed by surgeons to fix the faulty valves. However, when the repair treatment is not appropriate, replacement procedure is applied to treat aortic valve diseases.
In the replacement procedure, the faulty valve is removed and replaced with a biological or mechanical valve into the annulus of the native valve. There are two techniques of performing this complex task.
- Open Heart Traditional Surgical Approach: Open heart surgery involves temporary stopping of the patient’s heart. A larger incision is made through the breastbone and the heart is hooked up to heart-lung machine to resume pumping. The faulty valves is removed and replaced with the new one and the heart is restarted.
- Minimally Invasive Approach: Advancements in the medicinal world have led to some dramatic changes in the past years which prevents opening up of sternum. There are various minimally invasive procedures that involve making smaller incisions to access the heart. In trans catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a catheter is used which runs up to the heart to replace the new valve. These cosmic advances have also lowered the risk of infection giving better outcomes. These superior alternatives have shortened the recovery time and increased the efficiency multi-fold.
Surgeons and Cardiologists at PSRI headed by Dr. T.S. Kler (http://www.psrihospital.com/) , specialize in the treatment of valve diseases. We use latest technology in valve repair and replacement surgery. Our aim is to offer the best care to our patients before, during and after the valve procedure.